The New Pentax X-5 Digital Camera: From Macro to Megazoom

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Pentax has introduced a new 16MP point-and-shoot digital camera designed for the photographer who wants a high resolution, versatile camera that can travel anywhere. Compact enough to carry every day, but with DSLR-like handling, the Pentax X-5 digital camera, available in either black or silver, is called a megazoom. And Pentax means MEGAZOOM! The lens on the X-5 has enough zoom range to take, really, any kind of photo. From super-telephoto close-ups all the way to a macro mode that can focus as close as 1 centimeter, the lens on the X-5 is a versatile, full-service gem with a 35mm equivalent focal range of 22.3–580mm.

At the ultra wide-angle lengths you can take shots of expansive landscapes or get everyone at the dinner table in the same shot; with the 580mm super-telephoto length you can pull distant subjects very close for detailed wildlife shots or observational city images. The standard focal lengths in between are great for portraits and family snapshots—and don’t forget about the macro mode, which allows for sharp details at incredibly close range. Flowers and artistic abstracts, for example, can pop with color and detail with this incredible lens, which will automatically switch to macro mode when it detects a subject close to the lens.

Every type of image is delivered in high-resolution quality, thanks to the X-5's 16MP sensor and state-of-the-art image processor with Super Resolution technology. Crisp details and fast performance are the order of the day in both still photo and video mode. Full HD 1080 video at 30 frames per second is ready to go with just a turn of the Quick-set mode dial; no fumbling through menu setups to grab a spontaneous video. With an HDMI output, screening your videos on an HDTV or on your handheld device is as easy as connecting a cable and pushing Play. You can even play back your videos with creative slow motion and time-lapse features, for added drama.

The X-5 is ergonomically designed like a DSLR with easy handling and control and, like a DSLR, its impressive diopter-adjustable 260,000-pixel Electronic Viewfinder offers clear views of your subject, even in bright light. It’s great to be able to look through this viewfinder and see all of your action in clear detail with the camera’s display information neatly in view as well. For composition and playback, the X-5 also has a large, 3.0” tiltable LCD screen, which will allow you to compose your image creatively. Tilt the screen down if you need to reach high to compose a shot, or up if want to view the LCD as you shoot discreetly from your hip. The LCD screen, with 460,000-pixel resolution, is also perfect for clear playback of your photos and video and its tilt capability makes it easy to show your images to friends. Apropos, the X-5 is compatible with Eye-Fi wireless SD memory cards, which means you can automatically and wirelessly upload images directly to your computer for editing and sharing.

With such an adroit lens, capable of shooting macro as well as super-telephoto images, the Pentax X-5 has included an image stabilization system that is as impressive as the lens. Triple shake-reduction technology is a hybrid system that assures the photographer of sharp, blur-free photos and videos when shooting at full telephoto or even when shooting with limited light. A mechanical sensor-shift-type mechanism combined with digital SR (Shake Reduction) for stills and video means that even the difficult shots that usually suffer from camera movement come out sharply in focus. Combining such a full range lens with an image-stabilizing system that can control it is what makes the X-5 an ideal camera for so many situations. It could be the only camera you will need.

Because it is designed to be an everyday go-to camera, Pentax has supplied the X-5 with assistive modes that make it absolutely user friendly. Auto Picture mode can do all the heavy lifting for you. It recognizes the scene you are shooting and selects the best camera settings based on 16 shooting options, including Landscape, Portrait, Candlelight and Pet. Handheld Night Scene helps you create gorgeous night shots, without blur and without flash, by combining multiple, identical images into one sharp composite photograph. Fast Face Detection quickly recognizes up to 32 faces and helps you create perfectly focused and exposed portraits. These are the functions that truly allow you to simply point and shoot.

Add to these functions a burst rate of up to 10 shots per second and creative filters that allow you to take playful “Toy Camera” and Instagram-like images, and in-camera processing tools that can stretch your images or combine them into collages, and you have a camera that can do it all. The Pentax X-5 is a camera to carry with you and enjoy. In no time, you’ll be having fun capturing images of the world around you.

Effective Pixels 16MP
Total Pixels 16.37MP
Sensor Type 1/2.33" Interline Transfer Sensor with primary color filter
Resolutions Stills
16MP (4:3)(4608 x 3456)
12MP (1:1) (3456 x 3456)
12MP(16:9) (4608 x 2592)
7MP(4:3) (3072 x 2304)
5MP(16:9) (3072 x 1728)
5MP(4:3) (2592 x 1944)
4MP (16:9) (2592 x 1464)
3MP (4:3) (2048 x 1536)
2MP(16:9) (1920 x 1080)
(1024 x 768)
0.3MP (640 x 480)
Video
Full HD (1920 x 1080)
HD (1280 x 720)
VGA (640 x 480)
Lens Construction 12 elements/9 groups - 3 aspherical elements
Optical Zoom 26x
Digital Zoom 7.2x
Intelligent Zoom 39x at 7MP; 187.2x at VGA
Aperture f/3.1 - 5.9
Focal Length 4.0-104mm
Focal Length Equivalent 22.3-580mm
LCD 3.0" Tiltable, lowered to 60°  or raised 90° 
LCD Resolution 460,000 dots
Viewfinder Resolution 230,000 dots
Focus System TTL Contrast Detection System
Focus Modes 9 point AF, Spot AF, Auto Tracking AF, Macro, Super Macro, Infinity Landscape, Manual, Focus Point Selection
Manual Focus Yes
Macro Focus Yes
Focus Lock Yes, by pressing button half way
Focus range Normal: 1.31' (0.4 m) to infinity (wide), 5.6' (1.7 m) to infinity (tele)
Macro: 0.33-1.64'  (0.1 - 0.5 m) (wide to midzoom)
Super Macro: 0.03-0.98' (at mid zoom. set automatically)
Flash Type Retractable popup series-control auto flash
Flash Modes Auto, Flash Off, Flash On, Auto+ Redeye, On+Redeye, Slow Sync, Slow Sync + Redeye
Effective Flash Range Wide: 0.66-38' (0.2 - 11.6 m) at ISO Auto
Tele: 4.9-20' (1.5 -6.1 m) at ISO Auto
Internal Memory 75.3MB
Removable memory SD, SDHC, SDXC, Eye-Fi Compatible
Image Stabilization Still: Sensor-Shift SR, Dual (Sensor-Shift SR and Pixel-Track SR), Digital SR
Movie: Movie SR
Metering System Multi-segment, center weighted, spot
Exposure Compensation +/-2 EV (1/3 steps)
ISO Sensitivity Auto, Manual (100-6400)
White Balance Auto, Daylight, Shade, Tungsten, Fluorescent(D, N, W), Manual
Shutter Type Programmed AE Electronic Lens Shutter
Shutter Speed 1/1500 to 1/4 sec (up to 4 sec in manual and Night Scene Modes)
Drive Modes One shot, Continuous Shooting, Burst Shooting, Self-timer, Remote Control
Continuous FPS 1.12 FPS, Burst L (5MP or 4MP), Burst H (5MP or 4MP)
Self-timer Yes, 10 seconds or 2 seconds
Remote Control Yes, optional
Capture Modes Auto Picture, Program, Manual, USER, Movie, Handheld Night Scene, Sport, landscape, Portrait, Scene, Green
P/A/S/M/B P, A, S, M
Date Stamp Yes, date, date-time, time
Digital Filters Bright, Natural, Monochrome
Dynamic Range Adjustment Highlight and Shadow Correction
Playback Mode One Shot, Index (4 or 9 thumbnails), Magnification, Movie Playback, Histogram, Folder Display, Select and Delete, Calendar
Mode Pallet Slideshow, Image Rotation, Stretch Filter, Small Face Filter, Collage, Digital Filter, HDR Filter, Frame Composite, Movie Editing, Red-eye Compensation, resize, Cropping, Image Copy, Protect, DPOF, Start-up Screen
Playback Magnification Up to 10x, scrollable
Digital Filters(Playback) B&W, Sepia, Toy Camera, Retro, Color, Extract Color, Color Emphasis, High Contrast, Soft, Fish-eye, Brightness, Miniature Filter
Movie Edit Save as Still Image, Movie Divide
Ports USB 2.0 hi-speed, PC/AV Out, HDMI (type D), DC Input Terminal
Video Out NTSC, PAL (HDMI out supports Auto, 1080i, 720p, 480p)
Power Source 4 AA batteries (Alkaline, Lithium, Nickel and Rechargeable Ni-MH) Optional AC Adapter Kit also available
Computer System Requirements Windows XP/Vista/7 - Mac OS-X 10.3.9, 20.4. 10.5, 10.6, USB Port
File Formats Still: JPG (EXIF 2.2), DCF 2.0, DPOF, Print Image Matching III
Movie (compression): AVI (Motion JPG)
Sound: WAV (PCM), monaural
Startup Time 1.9 seconds
Release Lag Time 0.046 seconds
Construction material Reinforced Polycarbonate Plastic
Operating Temperature 32-104°F  (0-40°C)
Dimensions (WxHxD) 4.7 x 3.4 x 4.2" (12 x 8.6 x 10.7 cm)
Weight (without battery or card) 17.9 oz (507 g)

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The file format for movie mode is .mov (not .avi) as the camera makes use of h.264 compression.

Where i found or set the aperture in my pentax x-5?

As indicated in the Pentax X-5 Instruction Manual on page 45, the e-Dial changes the EV compensation value, shutter speed, and aperture value (depending on the mode you are currently in).  Page 44 indicates the +/- buttin is normally used to set the EV compensation value, but in M (manual) mode, this button is used for switching bthe shutter speed and the aperture value.  Page 79 explains how to use all of the above to set your exposure manually.