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Once upon a time, I was a barely-out-of-college kid that kept copies of lots of my photos online. Then, one day, while Googling myself, I found the New York Times using a photo of mine without permission, or without linking back to my Flickr page. And that is how Chris entered "protect your images online before they get stolen" land. Here are some tips to help you guard against having your images stolen on line.
This is your agreement with the sharing service which explains how it all works, in plain black and white. Some sites state that the images you upload belong to you, and that you grant the service a royalty-free license for them to do whatever they'd like with them. Other sites declare that they will not sell your images, and that all rights belong to you.
In years past, many sites stated that when you upload images to their servers, they have full permission to sell them. Due to backlash and voluminous amounts of complaints from users, those sharing services have changed their policies. However, one should always pay close attention to the details.
One of the new trends in marketing yourself as a photographer is to have your own blog where you provide your customers and potential clients with content that illustrates your capabilities as a photographer. If you're a Wordpress.org user (not the free version), you'll want to know about No Right Click. It's a special plug-in designed to help photographers prevent theft of their images. It literally prevents users from right-clicking your images, which would allow the potential thief to save them. Unless they're a bit internet savvy, they're going to have to do quite a bit of work to get hold of your original images.
If you're using a dedicated photo-sharing service like Flickr or Picasa, you should be wary of your sharing permissions. If you allow anyone and everyone to share your photos, in addition to setting your copyrights to allow anyone to use them, don't be surprised if a photo you've shot ends up on a famous tech blog. There are different levels of ownership, which are explained very well on this page, which cites the Creative Commons policies. The only other permissions are, "All Rights Reserved" and "None."
Each policy is for the specific needs of different types of shooters. That means that if you don't mind if people use your photos—as long as they cite and link back to you—you can set that permission level.
Of course, there is always good old watermarking. Watermarks can be huge, extremely intricate, plain and simple, nearly invisible, etc. But, as you may be aware, many people are against watermarking because they feel that it tarnishes the image, and it also draws focus away from it.
However, a well-designed and effectively-placed watermark will not only blend well with the image, but ensure that people know that the image is still yours.
Adobe Lightroom 3 is a program that not only allows you to edit your photos, but also 'keyword' them. Keywording is when you insert terms into the EXIF data of your image. These terms will be picked up by Google and other search engines, making the image easier to search for.
We've written a whole article on optimizing your images for the web, which you can read by clicking this link.
Something else that's very important when putting your images online: embedding your copyright information into the image. It's good to put it in a few places in the EXIF data, such as the 'creator', 'copyright', and 'author' areas. Additionally, you may want to put your name in the keywords and caption area. This way, when someone searches for the image in Google Image Search or somewhere else online, your image should be picked up.
Of course, some photo-sharing services strip all of this information out of the data when you upload. Also, using the "Save for the Web" option in Photoshop and Photoshop Elements strips this information out as part of the optimization process. Basically, the more information you put into the image, the longer it can take to load. To enable faster load times, these programs strip this information—and more—that it deems superfluous.
The blog post we previously linked to goes into this a bit more, and even goes into the intricacies of naming, as well.
Have you heard of Tin Eye? It may soon become your best friend. Tin Eye is a reverse image search engine that takes the image you give it, and scours the interwebs to locate where else it has been published. To do this, you can either give them a hyperlink of the image already on the web, or upload the image to them.
On most occasions, it works very well, though it can be wonky at times.
What methods do you use to protect your images online? Please share them in the comments below.