Wedding photography has become an extremely popular and lucrative specialty. First and foremost, a wedding is a grand, unrepeatable, emotionally charged event at which expectations run high, and second best won't do. Being a wedding photographer requires dedication and talent, but having the right equipment is crucial if you expect to achieve sharp, well-composed, well-lit images that depict people at their best. Here’s a basic rundown of what you’ll need to take your wedding photography to the next level, or to fill in the gaps in your present outfit.
Upper-tier, full-frame DSLRs such as the Canon EOS 5D Mark III, Nikon D800 and Sony Alpha SLT-A99 are the cameras of choice for most experienced wedding photographers. Their larger sensors deliver superior definition, detail and sharpness, permit a greater degree of enlargement or cropping without loss of image quality and deliver superior performance at high ISO settings, allowing higher shutter speeds and reduced depth of field for creating striking pictorial effects. Other advantages are rugged body construction, reliability under extreme use, superior weather sealing, advanced multi-zone autofocus (AF) and auto-exposure (AE) systems, Full 1080p HD video capability at a variety of framing speeds and availability of high-end accessories such as power grips and battery packs.
Many leading wedding pros also use upper-and middle-tier APS-C-format DSLRs such as the Canon EOS 7D, Nikon D7000 and Sony Alpha SLT-A77 either as primary or back-up cameras. With image sensors that range from 16MP on up, they deliver sufficient image quality for wedding applications, and when using your full-frame lenses they provide a longer reach by a factor of 1.5X or 1.6X (Canon), albeit with reduced wide-angle coverage. Other advantages include smaller, lighter, available lenses with longer zoom ranges, such as the Tamron 18-270mm f/3.5-6.3. The high-ISO performance of the latest APS-C cameras is remarkably good, making slower lenses in the f/3.5-5.6 range a viable option for available-light shooting.
Wide-aperture lenses allow you to shoot in low light at lower ISOs and higher shutter speeds for better image quality, but they also deliver shallower depth of field for creating vibrant pictorial effects at their widest apertures. Fast zooms and prime lenses are the mainstays of veteran wedding photographers and emerging pros.
If any lens can be called “The Wedding Lens,” it’s the 24-70mm f/2.8. This lens is effective for capturing the entire wedding party as its members witness the event, the bride and groom at the altar, close-ups, detail shots and formal full-length portraits. Its wide aperture provides brighter viewing in darker environments and allows you to create artistic effects with beautiful bokeh.
The 70-200mm f/2.8 zoom is the most popular all-around telephoto among knowledgeable wedding photographers, and it dovetails perfectly with the 24-70mm f/2.8, providing seamless wide-aperture coverage from wide to telephoto. Its long reach is perfect for capturing intimate details and interactions at a distance and is also ideal for headshots of individuals, couples and groups, in both indoor and outdoor settings.
Its very shallow depth of field at the widest apertures and longer focal lengths lets you capture classic portraits with a traditional “large format” look that’s very much in demand.
Fast prime (single focal length) lenses are excellent for candid pictures in low light, HD video coverage and for casual or formal portraits without flash. They’re easy to handle and take up little room in your camera bag. Popular focal lengths will be the 35, 50, and the 85—the preferred portrait lens of most photographers.
Wide-angle zooms are crucial for shooting groups, either standing or seated, the chapel setting with all the guests in attendance, and capturing important moments on the dance floor including the first dance. They’re invaluable for shooting unposed pictures that capture the essence of the event.
Pros gravitate to wide zooms with fast apertures that give them an edge in available-light shooting at lower ISOs, but the excellent high ISO performance of today’s DSLRs makes f/3.5-5.6 lenses a viable option.
Macro lenses are great for capturing telling details in rings, dresses, couture and floral arrangements. Telephoto macro lenses in the range can also do double duty as portrait lenses.
Fisheye lenses are an increasingly popular choice among wedding pros because they let you capture unique images that set your work apart. You may not use them for more than a few shots, but a surprising percentage of them wind up in the wedding albums or portfolios. Full-frame fisheyes produce a full-frame image covering 180 degrees, diagonally, with increasing barrel distortion toward the edges of the frame, and classic fisheyes deliver a circular 180-degree image in the center of the frame for a more dramatic effect.
Many wedding pros pack four or more flash units in their bags for multiple lighting setups, but the bare minimum is two high-powered dedicated flash units plus a backup, either to use as a spare or for three-light portrait setups.
Some popular high-tech choices are the Nikon SB-910 AF Speedlight i-TTL, Canon Speedlite 600EX-RT with built-in radio remote for multi-flash applications and Sony HVL-F60M external flash and video light.
Monolights are high-powered flashes with built-in modeling lights, and the kits include one or more heads plus reflectors and battery pack. Some photographers use two or more monolight AC units for formal portraits, or to light up a dance floor. Floodlights are adjustable continuous light sources that can also be used for stills or video. The Impact Light Trek 4.0 DC Monolight and Mini Lite Trek (LT) Battery Pack Kit, which is also available in a 2-Monolight version, is a good example. An example of a solid floodlight is the Lowel ID-Light Lead Acid Kit with Cigarette Lighter Connector 12v DC.
Flash Brackets let you position the light high enough above the lens to drop shadows behind the subject for a more professional, natural look while still allowing you to hold the flash and camera as a well balanced, easiy manageable unit.
Some allow you to position the camera vertically or horizontally on a rotating platform, a plus when shooting portraits. Suggested examples: Custom Brackets Digital Pro-M Camera Rotating Bracket Kit or the Stroboframe Pro-Digital Folding Flip Flash Bracket.
Radio slaves are extremely handy because they let you sync multiple flash setups, trigger flashes and fire cameras remotely. Some are simple triggers; others provide i-TTL or E-TTL flash control with dedicated speed lights. Non-TTL systems are generally used with a light meter offering flash-metering capability, such as the Sekonic L-358, which can connect to Pocket Wizard units via an optional adapter. Examples of TTL are: Pocket Wizard Flex TT5, Pocket Wizard Mini TT1. Examples of non-TTL are: Impact Power Sync 16 or Pocket Wizard Plus X Transceiver.
High-capacity cards of 32GB or greater may let you capture an entire wedding on a single card, but many pros prefer to use a number of smaller capacity, high-speed cards because they don't want to put all their eggs in one basket.
Cameras with dual memory slots, like the Canon EOS 5D Mark III, allow for instantaneous file duplication and auto backup to a second card, and also can be set to switch automatically to the second card when the first fills up. Many dual-slot systems let you record RAW images to one card and JPEG images to a second card simultaneously. More memory is always better, so bring more than you need.
Battery grips are dedicated accessories that provide extra battery capacity for shooting many more frames per charge, and also have a secondary set of controls (including a second well-positioned shutter release) that makes shooting verticals much more convenient.
Be sure to pack at least one extra set of fully charged batteries or a power pack (or more than one of each) capable of powering every battery-powered device in your kit including cameras, flash units, lighting equipment, wireless remotes and flashlights. Power packs also provide faster recycling times, a big plus when shooting action. Make sure to pack the proper cables for each battery pack.
Diffusers and light modifiers can make a real difference in achieving a soft, natural-looking light that flatters your subjects. Some also provide a range of attractive color effects. There’s an incredible variety of umbrellas, reflectors, diffusers and modifiers on the market, but here are a few popular choices: Gary Fong Lightsphere Collapsible Pro Kit, Westcott 43” Collapsible Umbrella Flash Kit w/Stand, Expoimaging Rogue FlashBender Large Positionable Reflector. The Impact 5-in-1 Collapsible Circular Reflector Disc - 42” is an adjustable reflector with 5 color options that folds to 1/3 its size.
Experienced wedding photographers include a sturdy middleweight tripod and a monopod in their kit. There’s no better way to ensure crisp images when you’re relying on natural light and have to shoot at slow shutter speeds. Selected examples are: the Manfrotto 055CXPRO4 Carbon Fiber Tripod with MH054M0-Q2 Pro Ball Head and the Oben AT-3410 4-section Tripod with BA-00T Ball Head. If you’re shooting HD video as well as still images, pick a tripod with a fluid 3-way pan-tilt head, like the Davis & Sanford Magnum XG13 Grounder Tripod with FX13 Head, which also has an on-off counterbalance control. Monopods combine increased stability with increased mobility, a real plus at wedding venues. Good choices are: the Oben ACM-1400, Davis & Sanford TrekkerPro Professional.
Super clamps are super because they’ll hold cameras, lights and practically anything else in place securely without requiring an assistant, and they can often be affixed to a handy banister, railing or table edge so you won't need to deploy an extra light stand or tripod. Typical uses are: holding a remotely triggered camera in place in the chapel balcony; positioning a spotlight, key or hair light while you concentrate on composing the shot; securing lights or flash units above the corners of a dance floor to achieve wide-area coverage. Selected examples are: the Manfrotto Super Clamp without Stud, Manfrotto 035RL Super Clamp with Standard Stud, Interfit INT 340 Pro Clamp.
Wedding pros employ a wide variety of methods for carrying gear, including lens bags, cases for flash packs, light stands, accessories and different sizes of task-oriented cases, camera shoulder bags and backpacks for carrying what they need on location. What works for you largely depends on your workflow, the venue and whether you’re working with an assistant. Here are some suggestions.
Bags for 2-body outfit: Think Tank Photo Airport Security V 2.0 Rolling Camera Bag, Domke F-2 Ruggedwear Shooters Bag.
While the examples listed in this concise guide have been carefully chosen and are very specific, each one also represents an equipment category, so please feel free to make substitutions based on your own needs and preferences. Having the right gear on hand will definitely give you an edge in the highly competitive, rapidly expanding arena of wedding photography. It will also make it a lot easier for you to keep the job to the high standards that set your work apart and bring you personal satisfaction.
For more information on equipment and accessories for photographing weddings, speak with a B&H sales professional in our New York SuperStore, over the phone at 1-800-606-6969 or online via Live Chat.