Black & White Film & Paper Chemistry

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Ilford Rapid Fixer (Liquid,1 Liter)

Ilford Rapid Fixer (Liquid,1 Liter)

B&H # ILRFL MFR # 1984262
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate
  • Easy to Use
  • Suitable for Film and Paper
  • Normal Dilution is 1+4 or 1+9
$2207
In Stock
Ilford Multigrade Developer (500ml)

Ilford Multigrade Developer (500ml)

B&H # ILMGD500ML MFR # 1918555
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate
  • Yields a Neutral Image
  • Normal Dilution is 1+9
$2045
In Stock

Kodak Professional D-76 Film Developer (To Make 1 gal)

B&H # KOD76DEV MFR # 1058270
Key Features
  • Powder B&W Film Developer
  • Full Film Speed and Normal Contrast
  • Fine Grain and Good Shadow Detail
  • Suitable for Push Processing
$1499
In Stock

Kodak Photo-Flo 200 Solution (16 oz)

B&H # KOPF200P MFR # 1464510
Key Features
  • Wetting Agent for Film Processing
  • Reduces Streaking and Water Spots
  • Promotes Faster Drying
$1399
In Stock

Ilford Ilfostop Stop Bath (500ml)

B&H # ILISB500ML MFR # 1893870
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate
  • Use For Black and White Film
  • Minimal Odor
  • Use for Tank, Tray or Dish Processing
$1695
In Stock

Kodak Professional Kodafix Fixer (32 oz, to Make 1 gal)

B&H # KODAFIX MFR # 1058452
Key Features
  • Rapid, Hardening Formula
  • For Black & White Film and Paper
$1499
In Stock

CineStill Film DF96 Monobath for Black & White Film (Liquid, 1L)

B&H # CIDF96BWD1L MFR # DF96-1000ML
Key Features
  • Single Bath, Single Step Developer/Fixer
  • Constant Developing Time for All Films
  • Room Temperature Processing
  • Adjust Contrast, Push/Pull via Temp.
$1999
In Stock

Ilford Ilfosol-3 Film Developer for Black and White Film (500ml)

B&H # ILI3500ML MFR # 1176108
Key Features
  • Fine Grain
  • Optical Sharpness
$1980
In Stock

Ilford Rapid Fixer (Liquid)500ml

B&H # ILRF500ML MFR # 1984253
$1494
In Stock

Kodak Professional XTOL Film Developer (To Make 5L)

B&H # KOXTOLDEV MFR # 1058338
Key Features
  • Powder B&W Film Developer
  • Ascorbic Acid-Based, No Hydroquinone
  • Full Film Speed and Normal Contrast
  • Very Fine Grain and High Sharpness
$1599
In Stock
$3792
In Stock
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Kodak Professional Fixer (To Make 1 gal, 2019 Version)

B&H # KOFXRPDR MFR # 1058304
Key Features
  • Powder Fixer for B&W Film and Paper
  • Hardening Formula
$1899
In Stock

Kodak Professional HC-110 Film Developer (1L, 2019 Version)

B&H # KOHC110DEV MFR # 1058692
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate B&W Film Developer
  • Highly Active Solution
  • Can Be Replenished or Used One-Shot
  • For Normal or Push-Processing
$4399
In Stock
Shipping Charges Apply
  • This item cannot be returned.

CineStill Film DF96 Monobath for Black & White Film (Powder, to Make 1L)

B&H # CI800347 MFR # DF96P-1000ML
Key Features
  • Single Bath, Single Step Developer/Fixer
  • Constant Developing Time for All Films
  • Room Temperature Processing
  • Adjust Contrast, Push/Pull via Temp.
$1699
In Stock

Kodak Professional Hypo Clearing Agent (To Make 5 gal, 2019 Version)

B&H # KOHYPOCA MFR # 1058312
Key Features
  • For B&W Film and Paper
  • Shortens Washing Times After Fixer
  • Makes 1 gal Stock Solution
$1199
In Stock

Ilford Rapid Fixer (Liquid,5 Liters)

B&H # ILRF5L MFR # 1984565
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate
  • Easy to Use
  • Suitable for Film and Paper
  • Normal Dilution is 1+4 or 1+9
$6665
In Stock
Free Expedited Shipping

Kodak Professional T-MAX Film Developer (To Make 5L, 2019 Version)

B&H # KOTMAXDEV MFR # 1058718
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate B&W Film Developer
  • Good Shadow Detail & Tonal Reproduction
  • For Normal or Push Processing
  • Designed for Roll Film Development
$2799
In Stock
$1395
In Stock

Arista Premium Hypo Check (1 oz)

B&H # AR69801 MFR # 69801
Key Features
  • Tests if Fixer is Exhausted
$899
In Stock
$999
In Stock
$3894
In Stock
Free Shipping for this Item
$7850
In Stock
Free Expedited Shipping

Ilford SIMPLICITY Starter Pack

B&H # ILSFK MFR # 1178858
Key Features
  • Chemistry for 1x 120 or 2x 35mm Rolls
  • 1 x 60mL Sachet of Film Developer
  • 1 x 30mL Sachet of Stop Bath
  • 1 x 100mL Sachet of Fixer
$2844
In Stock
Free Shipping for this Item

Legacy Pro L110 Liquid Film Developer (16 oz)

B&H # LE10190 MFR # 10190
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate B&W Film Developer
  • Highly Active Solution
  • Can Be Replenished or Used One-Shot
  • For Normal or Push-Processing
$1699
In Stock

Ilford Simplicity Black and White Film Wetting Agent (25mL)

B&H # ILSWA25 MFR # 1178999
Key Features
  • Designed for Film Development
$505
In Stock

Kodak Professional Rapid Selenium Toner (32 oz, 2019 Version)

B&H # KORST MFR # 1058536
Key Features
  • For RC or Fiber B&W Papers
  • Produces Purple to Dark Brown Color
  • Promotes Stability and Archivability
  • Enhances Dmax
$2999
In Stock

Eco Pro Clearfix Neutral Rapid Fixer (One Quart)

B&H # ECCFQ MFR # 1231289
Key Features
  • Ideal for Film and Prints
  • Expedites Washing
  • Process in Tray or Drum
  • Use with Prints to be Toned
$1499
In Stock

Ilford PQ Universal Paper Developer (500ml)

B&H # ILPQDP500ML MFR # 1155091
Key Features
  • Liquid Concentrate
  • Slightly Warm Image Tone
  • Normal Dilution is 1+9
$1732
In Stock

Choosing Film Developing Chemicals

Developing film in your own darkroom can be a rewarding experience, but the process requires knowledge of the chemicals, careful measurement, plenty of open air, and time to process the film. Black-and-white film development boasts more ways to mix chemicals than color film chemistry, as the processes when using color chemicals are the same throughout mixtures.


What's Film Developer?

Film developers comprise of one or more chemicals that turn unprocessed black-and-white or color film into a photo format. The process of using film developing chemicals on film ribbon makes image transfer permanent, and removes light sensitivity that damages unprocessed film. Which developer you choose depends on what result you seek. Black-and-white developing chemicals can mix in several ways and have multiple processes that achieve different effects. There are four primary types of film developing chemicals to consider when processing black-and-white film:

  • Liquid: Use only required amounts; you must dilute
  • Powder: Does better in storage; mix as needed for less waste
  • Solvent: Fine-grain; option to dilute or not and reuse is possible with additional development time
  • Non-solvent: High acutance; increases sharpness and grain

Photographic fixer helps cement the image and complete the development of the film. Stop baths create the same affect, but take longer to attain results. Rapid fixers are popular because they quickly set images, but both development processes yield similar results.


How to Use Film Developer

Photographers use film developer in combination with black-and-white or color paper chemistry to process film and create finished photos. Black-and-white film processing requires paying special attention to the mixture and storage of chemicals. The following darkroom equipment is necessary if you're attempting to develop film at home:

  • Enlarger: Handles film; 35mm enlargers are standard
  • Enlarger timer: Ensures correct exposure; manual and automatic options are available
  • Easel: Secures photographic paper during exposure
  • Safe light: Illuminates work area without giving out too much light
  • Printing tongs: To move photo paper through chemical solutions
  • Processing trays: To hold chemical mixtures
  • Print squeegee: To remove excess water so photos set faster

There are also practical safety precautions and safety supplies required when handling any chemical solution. 


Popular Paper for Black-and-White Film Development

Using graded paper produces high-quality photos, and it comes in grades from 0 to 5. Grade 5 provides you with the most contrast, and then contrast lowers gradually with each grade. Variable contrast paper can produce different contrasts using magenta filters. Fiber-based paper is more durable and produces beautiful tones, while resin-coated paper processes faster but isn't as stable after processing as fiber-based paper is.


B&H Photo and Video has film developing chemicals, fixing solutions, darkroom enlarging paper, and safety equipment to help you from start to finish. Browse the large selection of options for photographic supplies and keep your studio stocked.